The report said that by the end of 2016, the total installed capacity of solar thermal power in the world amounted to 4.8GW (due to different statistical standards, CSPPLAZA previously had a statistical data of 5,017MW, which is somewhat different from this). The report predicts that in 2017 the world is expected to newly built solar thermal installed capacity of 900MW.
In 2016, the largest additional installed base was South Africa, making it the second largest installed base of developing countries in the second consecutive year, following the new installed base of Morocco in 2015. The new installed capacity is followed by China, including the first voyage energy-saving Dunhuang 10MW molten salt tower power station.
In addition to the old photothermal markets such as Spain and the United States, the CSP project built by the end of this year covers almost all the photothermal emerging markets. For the second consecutive year, most of the new CSP projects have energy storage systems. Most of the CSP stations built with energy storage systems are also equipped with energy storage system, indicating that the energy storage system is considered the key to peaking capacity of solar thermal power plants, energy storage system has become a standard configuration of solar thermal power plants. In 2016, it is also the 10th year of the world's first commercialized storage and thermal power plant.
Trough technology and tower technology are still the mainstream of the CSP market. The progress of the Fresnel and CDH projects is not optimistic.
Spain is still the country with the largest installed capacity of existing solar thermal projects with a total installed capacity of 2.3GW by the end of 2016. The United States ranked second with a 1.7GW disadvantage. The total installed capacity of the two countries accounted for as much as 80% of the installed capacity of existing solar thermal projects in the world. Since 2013, no new solar thermal project in Spain has been put into commercial operation. At the same time, no new projects are under construction in both countries by the end of 2016.
South Africa's first commercial tower power station - 50MW KhiSolarOne project (with 2.5 hours of storage, energy storage capacity of about 100MWh) officially operational in early 2016. A 50MW Bokpoort trough solar thermal project with 9.3 hours of storage and 465MWh of energy storage was also put into operation. At the end of 2016, the above two power plants will increase the total installed capacity of solar thermal in South Africa to 200MW. As of the end of 2016, the total solar thermal power projects under construction in South Africa totaled 3, namely the XinaSolarOne project developed by Abengoa, the Kathu project developed by Engie and the Ilanga1 power station developed by Emvelo with a total installed capacity of 300MW. The above projects are the third successful project of REIPPPP and the three projects are expected to start operation in 2017-2018. One of the more advanced is the Xina SolarOne power station, which is expected to be connected to the grid in the second quarter of 2017. The RedStone power station, which belongs to the third phase of the successful bidding of the second round of B rounds, was unable to start construction as scheduled because of the delay in signing the PPA agreement.
China installed new solar thermal project in 2016 at about 10MW. China has set an ambitious plan to complete the installation of a total of 1.35GW CSP by the end of 2018. With the construction and operation of the first energy-saving Dunhuang 10MW project, this plan will see results in early 2016. By the end of 2016, CSP demonstration projects including trough, tower and Fresnel are in different stages of development.
Currently, the solar thermal power projects under construction around the world are expected to be put into operation in the next three years. Some developing countries with higher DNI are promoting the process of CSP in their own countries. They have given specific policies on CSP and considered the advantages demonstrated by CSP to be consistent with their economic development goals. From this perspective, CSP should receive more policy support in the case of limited oil and natural gas reserves, limited power grids, large storage demand, high degree of industrialization and high employment pressure.
As of the end of 2016, India was the only Asian country with a solar thermal power station completed except for China. A 50MW trough solar thermal power plant developed by India's Megha Engineering Infrastructure Company (MEIL) was put into operation on November 13, 2014 and Godawari Green Energy's 50MW trough power plant was put into operation on June 5, 2013. Reliance Power The 125MW Fresnel Photovoltaic Power Plant was put into operation in November 2014. In addition, some other small-scale photothermal plants, such as the Gujarat Solarolar thermal power station with a installed capacity of 25MW, which stores 9 hours of heat and 225MWh of energy, are included.
In 2016, no new solar thermal project was put into operation in Morocco, but it is still vigorously promoting the development of solar thermal power. A 200MW NoorII trough thermal plant (with 7 hours of thermal storage; 1400MWh of storage capacity) and a 150MW NoorIII tower with 7 hours of thermal storage and 1200MWh of storage are expected to begin commercial operations in 2017.
Elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), Israel's 121MW AshalimPlotB tower is under construction and is scheduled to begin commercial operation in 2017. Meanwhile, the 110MW AshalimPlotA trough solar thermal power plant was started construction in 2016 and is expected to start operation in 2018.
At present, Saudi Arabia is building two ISCC power plants, namely the 42MW Duba1 power station with installed capacity of 50MW and the WaadalShamal power station with installed capacity of 50MW respectively, which are expected to be put into operation in 2017 and 2019 respectively. The Shagaya trough thermal power plant in Kuwait with a capacity of 50MW (thermal storage duration of 10 hours and energy storage of 500MWh) is expected to be put into operation in 2017. In the UAE, the first phase 200MW tower CTP project of the MohammadBinRashid Al Maktoum solar park to be developed by DEWA received good bidding feedback, with the lowest tender price of only 9.45 cents / kWh, refreshing the price of CSP recording.
Due to Abengoa's financial crisis, the participating Atacama1 (PlantaSolarCerroDominador) CSP plant in Latin America, Chile, with a installed capacity of 110MW (thermal storage period of 17.5 hours; energy storage capacity of 1925 MWh) was suspended in 2016. However, Reboot in 2017. Previously, Abengoa was the developer and owner of the project but now acts only as a contractor. The project is expected to start operation in 2019. The 12MW AguaPrietaII CSP plant in Mexico is scheduled to start operation in 2017.
Some countries in Europe are also promoting the development of solar thermal power generation. Located in the LIo region of the French Pyrenees, a 9MW Fresnel solar thermal power plant is under construction. A 17MW hybrid biomass power plant is under construction in Denmark. The project includes some CSP installed capacity for district heating and power supply, which is also an important application of CSP in cold climates.
In 2015, the market focus of the CSP industry gradually shifted from Spain and the United States to developing countries, and this phenomenon lasted until 2016. The continued stagnation in the Spanish market and the long-expected slowdown in the photothermal market in the United States led to more and more projects and cooperation in the emerging photothermal market, including South Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, especially China.
Many countries, such as Morocco, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and the United Arab Emirates, recognize the potential of CSP in local manufacturing, construction and skills development and continue to promote or execute localization in its CSP projects during 2016.
Abengoa, the largest developer and builder of the photothermal industry, avoided the bankruptcy crisis that started in early 2016 by signing a restructuring agreement with its creditors worth a total of 1.2 billion U.S. dollars (about 1.14 billion euros). The company underwent major reforms, including restructuring ownership and disposing of non-core solar photovoltaic and wind power assets. Part of the reason for Abengoa's rising debt comes from Spain's energy reform policy, which was implemented in 2013, which cut the Spanish government subsidy for on-grid tariffs on solar thermal plants.
2016 was a relatively calm year. Apart from Abengoa's own asset restructuring, the companies did not make major announcements about mergers, acquisitions and failures, and did not make any major reports about major changes in the business.
Abengoa and Saudi Arabia's ACWAPower led the solar thermal market in 2016, becoming the majority of solar-thermal projects put into operation or under construction during the year. As a developer, owner and operator, ACWA relies heavily on its solar-thermal market in South Africa and Morocco.
Other light and heat companies such as Rioglass Solar, Zhongguancun, Acciona, ACSCobra, Sener (Spain), TSK (Spain), Brightsource (USA), GE (USA) and SolarReserve (USA) Project construction, operation and / or manufacturing.
While commercial developers continue to focus on trough and tower power plants, many of which have installations above 100 MW, the Fresnel power station, especially the non-traditional or small Fresnel power stations, is also under planning and construction. The development of Fresnel Power Station is the most notable in China. A total of four Fresnel stations with a total installed capacity of 200MW have been listed among the first national solar thermal demonstration projects. Meanwhile, the 9MW solar thermal power station under construction in France will be the first Fresnel power station in France with thermal storage capacity of up to several hours.
With the success of multiple CSP plants in ensuring continuous power generation at night, the Heat Storage Systems (TES) continues to accumulate outstanding performance and influence.
Most planned solar thermal plants will be equipped with thermal storage systems by 2017. The only exception is the gas-solar hybrid and some solar power plants, such as the Ashalim power station in Israel and some ISCC power stations in Saudi Arabia.
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